Monuments in India, the history of India dates back more than 5,000 years, with several different kingdoms reigning in different periods of time. Each dynasty brought its own unique blend of architectural styles, leaving behind a generous legacy of brilliant art. These are some of the most splendid monuments of the whole country that you should see when you visit India.
Here is the list of most famous monuments of India are:
- Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal is dedicated to the memory of the most beloved wife of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, Mumtaz Mahal, who died giving birth to his fourteenth son. Even today, this symbol of love continues to leave its audience completely stunned: 20,000 people worked on this exquisite white marble monument with 28 types of precious and semiprecious stones. It attracts around 2 million visitors each year.
- The Humayun Tomb
Built 60 years before the Taj Mahal, Humayun’s tomb was the first of many imposing mausoleums built during the Mughal reign. The son of Humayun and the third mughal ruler, Akbar, had commissioned the construction of the shrine, something that had never before been seen in the Islamic world. The impeccable geometry of the red sandstone and the white marble structure is a thing of absolute beauty. If you want to add the luxury element in your trip than choose Palace on Wheels train and explore the famous monuments of India.
- Red Fort
The red sandstone monument is full of history. Built by Emperor Shah Jahan, the Red Fort housed many different kings and nobles over time. Once said to be decorated with the famous Koh-i-Noor diamond, the walls of Red Fort were gradually stripped of their jewels as the wealth and power of the Mughal kings began to crumble. The importance of the monument, however, has never diminished. Today, it serves as a site for India’s Independence Day celebrations every year.
- Fatehpur Sikri
Fatehpur Sikri, which was the capital of Emperor Akbar for 13 years, was the first planned city of the Mughal era. After his meeting with a Sufi saint, who resided in a cave in Sikri, Akbar was blessed with a son. As a sign of reverence for this saint, the emperor moved his capital from Agra to Fatehpur Sikri. The mosques and palaces within this ancient city are considered architectural masterpieces. Plan your trip and know more about the Palace on Wheels train tariff before planning your trip.
- Sanchi Stupa
It is located on the top of a small hill in the Raisen district of Madhya Pradesh, is an ancient Buddhist complex built during the Mauryan period in the 3rd century BC. C. The great Maurya king Ashoka, who founded one of the largest empires in ancient India, converted to Buddhism after being deeply affected by the bloodbath he saw during the Kalinga War. Ashoka sent relics of Buddha throughout his kingdom and erected stupas over them. The Great Stupa of Sanchi is the most famous of these religious monuments.
- Mahabodhi Temple
Under the Bodhi tree in the Mahabodhi Temple in Bodh Gaya, it is said that the Lord Buddha attained enlightenment. It is the first Buddhist temple built by Emperor Ashoka, with later kings that are added to the structure. Built in 260 BC, it is also one of the oldest brick temples in India and sets an exemplary precedent for the future architecture of the country.
- Gateway of India
India’s most famous war memorial pays homage to more than 80,000 Indian soldiers who died fighting during World War I and the Third Anglo-Afghan War. Designed by the celebrated architect Sir Edwin Lutyens, the Gateway of India is often compared to the Arc de Triomphe in Paris.