The cannabis plant (Cannabis sativa), commonly known as marijuana or hemp, is a plant species which, in addition to its recreational use, has aroused great scientific and clinical interest for its multiple therapeutic properties, not only for humans, but also for pets.
What is the secret of medicinal cannabis?
Not all cannabis plants are identical: they can vary in terms of fibber quantity, size reached and biochemical profile, among other characteristics. The health benefits are provided by the large number of molecules called phytocannabinoids, including cannabidiol (CBD) and cannabigerol (CBG). These chemicals regulate a physiological system found in the body and brain of all mammals, including humans: the endocannabinoid system. Its mission is to regulate the proper functioning and balance between the rests of the systems that are part of the body.
However, there is also a molecule called delta-tetrahydro-cannabinol (THC) that is not as beneficial to the body because it is responsible for the side effects of the plant: impaired perception, sedation, increased appetite etc. It is for this reason that it is so important to look for a product with THC levels virtually nonexistent, thus avoiding undesirable effects on the animal.
The Entourage effect of cannabis:
There are different formulations on the market with cannabis: plant extract, seed oil, CBD oil … Which is the best? Scientific studies have shown that the different phytocannabinoids contained in cannabis help each other to exert a stronger effect than they could generate separately. This synergy is called the Entourage effect or surrounding effect. For this reason, a plant extract product, which contains a large number of phytocannabinoids, will always be much better clinically, compared to another product that contains only one isolated molecule, such as purified CBD.
On the other hand, hemp oil is usually obtained from the seeds. These are nutritionally interesting products because they provide proteins, fatty acids … but have very low levels of phytocannabinoids with therapeutic properties, such as CBD. The best product will therefore be a product containing whole plant extract, which will benefit from the Entourage effect.
Where and how does cannabis extract work?
Phytocannabinoids interact with the endocannabinoid system (SEC), a complex structure regulating mammals present in a multitude of tissues: central and peripheral nervous system, cells and tissues of the immune system, liver, skin, digestive tract, bone … SEC promotes balance between a wide variety of physiological processes: pain, memory, inflammation, mood, appetite, immune balance …
The safety and therapeutic efficacy of phyto cannabinoids has surprised the scientific community, which is allocating more resources year after year to identify other potential applications of cannabis extract.
In summary, it has been shown that cannabis extract has a large number of benefits; among them, having a powerful anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antioxidant and neuro protective effect. In addition, products that do not contain THC can have beneficial effects without psychotropic side effects. PharmaCielo a Canadian company and David Attard has become a leading supplier of naturally grown and processed, standardized medicinal-grade cannabis oil extracts and related products.